Guinea pigs can often have health problems, such as the appearance of cysts.
How to treat a cyst in guinea pigs at home?
Treating a cyst in guinea pigs at home requires cleaning the cyst with a warm compress and applying topical ointment.
Cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that appear in internal organs or on the skin itself. Cysts can be painful and cause problems for guinea pigs, although there are also cysts that are harmless.
Because the cysts worried me, I did some research on how to help my guinea pig if he had a cyst.
How to treat a cyst in guinea pigs at home?
To treat a cyst in guinea pigs at home, you first need to find out what kind of cyst it is. The next thing to do is to use a warm compress to clean the cyst area and then apply ointment.
Here’s how to treat a cyst at home in more detail.
Find out what type of cyst it is
The most important thing when you want to treat a guinea pig when it has a cyst is to know exactly what kind of cyst it is.
There are two types of cysts:
- sebaceous cysts
- epidermoid cysts
Sebaceous cysts appear on the skin and are filled with yellow fluid, while epidermoid cysts are usually found in the internal organs and have a clear fluid.
If your guinea pig has a sebaceous cyst, then the treatment can be done at home, while if it is an epidermoid cyst, then it must be treated by a veterinarian.
Epidermoid cysts are more difficult to treat and may require veterinary surgery to remove them.
Using a warm compress
A warm compress is the most important thing to do when cleaning the area where there is a cyst in guinea pigs.
Applying a warm compress reduces the pain and inflammation of the cyst, and it will be possible to loosen the pus inside the cyst.
A warm compress is done very easily by soaking a clean cloth in warm water, then putting it on the place where the cyst is located, and leaving it on for about 20 minutes.
Cyst clearance in guinea pigs
After 20 minutes have passed with the warm compress, it’s time to clean the area with the guinea pig cyst.
The next step to cleaning the cyst is to remove the hair from the area around the cyst. The next thing is to put on gloves and squeeze and clean the pus inside the cyst.
Pressing the place with pus is done in the same way as when you want to press pimples, more precisely by pressing the ends around the pus or cyst.
You will see for yourself when the pus in the guinea pig cyst has reduced and thus the cleaning of the cyst is complete.
Application of topical ointment to the cyst in guinea pigs
After you finish cleaning the cyst in the guinea pigs, you need to apply topical ointment to the wound itself.
There are several types of ointments that are intended for the treatment of cysts, and all of them are excellent and work very successfully.
The area around the cyst is smeared with the local ointment that prevents infection and prevents irritation.
It is very important that the guinea pig does not scratch the cyst, and if it does then you will need to use a bandage on the spot.
The bandage is needed so that the guinea pig cannot scratch the cyst site, as scratching can only cause new infections and slow down the healing process of the cyst area.
After a few days, pus may reappear at the cyst site, which is completely normal, and you will need to repeat the entire cleaning process again.
However, with each new cleaning, the cyst will shrink and be removed from the guinea pig’s body until complete healing.
What to do to prevent the guinea pig from getting a cyst?
Cysts in guinea pigs should be prevented because any occurrence of them is dangerous for the health of the guinea pigs.
Cysts can cause additional problems, so in the following, you will learn how to prevent their occurrence, let’s start right away.
A healthy diet prevents the occurrence of cysts in guinea pigs
A healthy diet in guinea pigs is key to preventing cysts and other health problems. Guinea pigs need a healthy diet rich in fiber, minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients.
You should avoid giving them food rich in sugar and fat as this can cause cysts to appear.
A healthy diet for guinea pigs should be:
- fresh vegetables
The more you pay attention to their diet, the less likely your guinea pig will get cysts.
A clean cage prevents cysts in guinea pigs
In addition to diet, another key factor in preventing the occurrence of cysts in guinea pigs is the cage, which should be clean.
A dirty cage is a breeding ground for bacteria and infections and the risk of cysts in guinea pigs.
Regular cleaning of the cage needs to be done every day because guinea pigs are constantly pooping and peeing.
The cage should also not be placed in direct sunlight which will heat it up too much and may cause skin problems for the guinea pigs.
Physical activity prevents the appearance of cysts in guinea pigs
Guinea pigs also need physical activity to prevent the appearance of cysts.
Physical activity helps to strengthen muscles, and better blood flow through the body, which allows feeding all parts of the body and their better work and protection from cysts and other diseases.
You need to let your guinea pig play in your room for at least half an hour every day so that it can get enough physical activity.
Physical activity simultaneously prevents stress and makes your guinea pig happy.
Veterinarian control prevents the occurrence of cysts in guinea pigs
Regular vet checks are important for the timely prevention and detection of cysts in guinea pigs.
Sometimes we can’t find out on our own whether a guinea pig has a cyst, that’s why it should be checked by a veterinarian twice a year, regardless of whether your pet has signs of a cyst, disease, or something similar.
Early detection of the cyst is of great importance for its faster treatment and faster healing of your pet.
Observe your guinea pig
Cysts in guinea pigs can be noticed by yourself when observing your pet.
That’s why when you play with it, you can visually see if everything is fine or if there are cysts or other health problems.
If you notice any lumps or bumps on your guinea pig’s skin, call or take your pet to the vet right away to have them examined to see what the problem is.
What is the difference between an abscess and a cyst in guinea pigs?
Many times we cannot conclude whether the guinea pigs have an abscess or a cyst, what is the difference?
If the guinea pigs have a cyst, then the fluid that comes out of the cyst is white and has no smell, while the abscess has the smell of infection and the liquid is brown-red in color.
The abscess usually appears in the lymph glands around the neck, while the cysts appear on the back or sides.
Are cysts painful for guinea pigs?
If the guinea pigs have ovarian cysts, they have pain and discomfort, while if the cyst is on the back, they will not have any major pain.
What antibiotics are used to treat cysts in guinea pigs?
Veterinarians can prescribe several types of antibiotics to treat cysts in guinea pigs. One of the antibiotics used is chloramphenicol, which is applied once a day.
How much does it cost to remove a cyst at a vet?
Cyst removal in guinea pigs can cost anywhere from $100 to $400, depending on the complexity of the cyst and the surgery that needs to be done to remove it.
Treatment of cysts in guinea pigs can also be done at home using warm compresses and topical ointment.
Whereas when it comes to an internal cyst, treatment by a veterinarian is necessary.
For the prevention of the occurrence of cysts in guinea pigs, you should provide them with a healthy diet, a clean cage, physical activity, and regular control examinations of your pet.
The sooner you notice the appearance of cysts in guinea pigs, the sooner the treatment and recovery of your pet will begin.